As in other areas of the province of Málaga, the history of the AXARQUIA goes up to the paleolitic, as attested by the vestiges found in various caves in the mountains of the Sierras of Alhama, Tejeda y Almijara.
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Phenicians, Cartaginois, Greecs and Romans left their prints on this area. In Trayamar, close to Algarrobo you find the vestiges of a Paleo-punic necropolis, with a VIII century b.c. old tomb, it is one of the most significant phenicians discover of Western Europe. The many examples of Muslim art are the result of the Arab domination period, there are for examples the minarets of Arenas, Salares y Archez, and the "Torres Almenaras", watch-towers that we can find along the coast.

The Christians monarchs reconquered the AXARQUÍA in 1487 with the assistance of the rich nobility of Castilla. Vélez-Málaga, passed then to the kingdom of Granada, was one of the first taken cities... Each village of the AXARQUÍA, as small as it is, has its own celebrations, religious, laic or simply traditional. They come from their History, from the sea, from the agriculture, since the oldest times...

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In summer, take place the festivals of Flamenco, folk dances and the "verdiales", particularly popular in Velez-Málaga.
The AXARQUÍA is filled up of traditions based on the daily tasks and events, like the culture of its vines, making of its wines,
its varied gastronomy, its religious festivals and celebrations, its handicrafts, its "verdiales", its dances and folk songs.